Author Guidelines


Manuscripts of Research articles submitted for publications in the journal should be divided into the following sections:

  • Title Page
  • Graphical Abstract
  • Abstract (unstructured)
  • Keywords
  • Text Organization
  • Conclusion
  • Conflict of Interest Statement
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Figures/Illustrations (if any)
  • Tables (if any)
  • Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)

Title Page

Title page of the manuscript should include paper title, author(s) full name and affiliation, corresponding author(s) names complete affiliation/address, along with phone, and email.
Title page should contain a Running of no more than 40 characters (including spaces).


The title of the article should be precise and concise. The title is written in ‘CAPITALIZE EACH WORD’ format (first letter of each word should be in capital letters) except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions. Title should be centred, and in 16 point bold Times New Roman font at the Title Page.

Authors Name

Provide exact and correct authors separated by commas. Affiliations should be keyed to the author's name with superscript numbers.

The Corresponding Author(s) should be marked with an asterisk. Provide the current affiliation, Contact number and exact contact e-mail address of the corresponding author(s) in a separate section.

Graphical Abstract

Authors should include a graphical abstract before Abstract. It should recapitulate the contents of the article a pictorial form.

Author need to submit Graphical abstracts as a separate file in addition to the manuscript. Preferred file types: TIFF, JPG, PNG. Author should submit a good quality of image.

Abstract (Unstructured) The abstract should constitute a single paragraph, usually not exceeding 250 words. Abstract should indicate the scope and significant content of the paper highlighting the major findings and conclusions.Use of abbreviations should be avoided and the references should not be cited in the abstract


Five to six keywords must be provided. Select important and relevant keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Text Organization

The main text should begin on a separate page and should be divided into various segments. The manuscript should be organized in various sections and sub-section and need to be defined clearly. Sections should be numbered as 1, 2, 3 etc (till conclusion), subsection should be numbered as 1.1, 2.1, 2.2 (then 2.2.1, 2.2.2, ...), 2.3, etc. The abstract, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements, References are not to be included in section numbering.

  • Section Head like INTRODUCTION, METERIALS AND METHODS etc. should be Bold and ALL CAP mode.
  • Sub-section (i.e., 2.1, 2.2) should be Bold and ‘CAPITALAZE EACH WORD’ mode.
  • Next subsection (i.e. 2.1.1, 2.1.2) should be ‘Sentence case’ mode.

Original Research Paper, Short communication need to be divided into

The text may be subdivided further according to the areas to be discussed, which should be followed by the Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements and Reference sections.

  • The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text and 10 pt Times New Roman font should be used (1.5 spacing in between text).
  • The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.
  • Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms, plant (Genus and Species), for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases.
  • Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g., in vivo, in vitro, per se, et al. etc.
Introduction: The Introduction section should be brief. Include the background and aims of the paper in a comprehensive manner. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Materials and Methods: Provide adequate details to allow the work to be reproduced by a researcher. This section should include the details of the methodology used. Modifications of methods and research should be included and mentioned. It is imperative for the section that it should be adequately detailed in respect of the data presented, and the results obtained from it. Materials and Methods must be result-oriented.
  • If Manuscripts containing original research on animal subjects must have been approved by an ethical review committee (as per national guideline). The approval number, date of approval and name of the ethics committee must be cited in thissection.
  • If Manuscripts containing original research that involves human subjects, human material, human tissues, or human data, authors must declare that the investigations carried out with prior permission of Ethics Committee (as per national guideline). The approval number, date of approval and name of the ethics committee must be cited in this section.
Result and Discussion:
The data should be organised in unified and coherent sequence so that the article develops clearly and logically. The result (data) should be statistically analysed, and the level of significance should be included. Results should be precise and repetition of data in tables and figures should be avoided.
Discussion should explore the importance of the results of the work, present a reproducible procedure and emphasise the importance of the article in the light of recent developments in the field. Long, inconsequential discussions should be avoided.

A small paragraph summarizing the outcomes of the study or proposing further study may be given.


A Conflict-of-interest Statement needs to be included at the end of the manuscript after conclusion. Authors need to disclose whether there is any ‘conflict of interest’ in relation to the article submitted.


This is a short text to acknowledge the specific person, institutions, or agencies that aided the efforts of the authors. If the article is a part of sponsored project, then the authors need to declare the funding sources along with grant details/allotted grant/award number.


  • Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
  • In Text Citation: Indicate references by Arabic numerals in square brackets in line with the text.
    Example: '..... stated that …………… [3,6]. The effects are similar to the behavioural manifestation including mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis and oxidative stress [5,6].
    Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Articles in Journals
(Standard regular articles with author details in regular issue)
Sen S, Chakraborty R, Kalita P. (2020) Rice - not just a staple food: A comprehensive review on its phytochemicals and therapeutic potential. Trends in Food Science and Technology; 97: 265-285. (List the first six authors followed by et al.)
Articles in Journals (Volume with supplement) Sen S, Chakraborty R. (2017) Meyna spinosa Roxb.: An unexplored ethnomedicinal plant. International Journal of Green Pharmacy; 11Suppl:S332-S337.
Articles in Journals(Organization as author) The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Medical Journal of Australia (1996) 164: 282-284
Book [Personal author(s)] Sen S, Chakraborty R, De B. (2016)Diabetes mellitus in 21st century. 1stedn. Singapore: Springer Publication;Editor(s), compiler(s) as author Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors (1996) Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone.
Chapter in a book Bhattacharjee T, Sen S, Chakraborty R, Maurya PK, Chattopadhyay A. (2020) Cultivation of medicinal plants: Special reference to important medicinalplants of India. In: S Sen, R Chakraborty, editors. Herbal medicine in India: Indigenous knowledge, practice, innovation and its value. Singapore: Springer Nature, p. 101-118.
Conference proceedings Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editors (1996) Recent advances in clinical neuro-physiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Conference paper Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. (1992) Enforce-ment of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Infor-matics; Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992. p. 1561-1565.
Dissertation Ratna S.(2017) Teaching learning mathematics with special reference to methodology practised in secondary schools of Nagaland [dissertation]. Guwahati:Assam down town University.
Patent Larsen CE, Trip R, Johnson CR, in-venters (995) Novoste Corporation, assignee. Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. US patent 5,529,067. Jun 25. Other Published Material


  • Tables should be numbered as Table No.1 Title…., Table No.2 Title…. Etc.
  • Tables should have proper rows and columns, and typed in single line space, Times New Roman 10 font size.
  • Tables inserted in the main text close to their first citation.
  • All Figures, Schemes should be inserted into the main text close to their first citation and must be numbered as Figure 1, Figure 2 etc.).
  • All Figures, Schemes and Tables should have a short explanatory title and caption.

Authors need to follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.

Enzyme Nomenclature:
For enzymes, only the trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used.

Standard International practices for abbreviations should be used in the text and illustrations without full stop mark.


Editor-in-Chief will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Upon acceptance of the article Proofs may be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

Submission Guideline
Manuscript should be submitted through online editorial manager or by email at ID: